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Lucile Ruault

Sociologist, CNRS

Associate researcher at CERAPS

Contact: ruaultlucile(at)




The social organization of procreation represents a common thread in my research.

My dissertation explored, from the mobilizations for free abortion and feminist self-help groups from 1972 to 1984 in France, the foundations of contemporary fertility regulation policy. By studying together the conditions of medicalization and feminist appropriation of care, she proposes a sociohistory of the management of women's bodies from the point of view of the processes that have led to the exclusion of "ordinary women" from abortive know-how and to the shaping of norms that enshrine the principle of an anticipated and technicalized control of fertility.

In the context of the "GlobHealth" research, a post-doctorate on the history of medical genetics and its inclusion in the "global" government of health since the end of the 1970s led me to the maternal and infant policies developed around the control of hereditary diseases (in particular, hemoglobinopathies in the countries of the global South).

My current work extends this interest in procreation in critical situations: it proposes to grasp the procreative work - the inequalities that structure it, its norms and regulatory bodies, the socialization to these issues - put to the test of disease, particularly in the world of cancer.

At the same time, I am interested in the consequences of the introduction of genomics on the ways in which professionals and patients collectively make sense of cancer, as part of an INCa project conducted with Claire Beaudevin, Catherine Bourgain, Marie Mathieu and Ashveen Peerbaye.

Thesis supervision in progress

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