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Tastet Richard

PhD in sociology, Université de Paris

Funding: Association Ladapt Essonne

Contact: un.tastet(at)



Dissertation title : From the emergence of the category to the management of the life course of people with “complex disabilities”: an analysis of the services provided by LADAPT Essonne

Dissertation under the direction of Myriam Winance and Livia Velpry

In France, from the year 2000 onwards, the disability sector has been marked by a notable evolution: the recognition by many professional and associative actors, but also by the public authorities, of the problem of the support of "complex disability situations". These are people with multiple, sometimes severe, impairments, whose characteristics make most of the proposed reception solutions unsuitable. The emergence of the category of "complex disability" raises questions. On the one hand, because these disability situations existed long before they were designated as such, and on the other hand, because this category is performative, insofar as it leads to a transformation of the medico-social offer. This thesis project under a Cifre contract with the LADPAT association is part of the sociology of 'public problems'. In the first line of research, it aims to understand the socio-historical processes through which the actors have brought about the emergence of this particular category of disability. The second line of research, ethnographic, aims to sociologically analyse the scope of the mechanisms created by Ladapt Essonne. Indeed, since 2014, this association has set up innovative medico-social institutions specifically designed to respond to the problems of this population. Thus, the expectations of this research are, on the one hand, to produce scientific knowledge on medico-social organisations and, on the other hand, for the Ladapt association, to take a global analytical look at its action in favour of these "complex disability" paths.

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